Tree Time

by Priscilla Brewer

We are finally beginning to understand the tremendous benefits of trees and forests.

We know that trees filter air pollutants and give us fresh clean oxygen to breath. They also store groundwater, purify our drinking water, and capture vast quantities of carbon. They keep us cool in summer, protect us from winter chills, and provide us with food, fuel, lumber, fibres, crafts and medicine. It’s almost as if we need trees to survive (WE DO!).

But trees don’t only benefit humans – they also create and nurture their own ecosystems and support vital biodiversity. Trees immensely help other plants and wildlife to flourish, they keep river habitat healthy, help protect and replenish our watersheds and aquifers, and improve soil conditions for an immeasurable number of below-ground critters.

Trees provide all these valuable services for free, 24 hours a day, without complaining. Yet they are sometimes treated as if they were unimportant objects, appreciated solely for their dollar value.

Incredibly, there has been a recent wave of research that delves deeper into the mystery of trees. New studies and compelling literature suggest that trees can communicate with each other, pass information, share nutrients with other trees and plants, and even recognize and nurture their offspring. This would imply that trees think, care, and feel pain.

Even more mysterious is the idea that trees can help humans on a spiritual level. Around the world, studies have shown that by spending time immersed in the sights, sounds and smells of a forest we can lower our stress levels, improve our memory functions, lower our blood pressure, and reduce anxiety and depression. Many countries consider ‘forest bathing’ a recognized form of health care. Hanging out in a forest can actually make us happier and healthier.

We could all use a little more tree time!
The Yellow Point Ecological Society (Y.E.S.) hopes to inspire local residents and visitors to appreciate the enormous gifts we receive from our precious forests.

Together, let’s speak out to protect what remains of our forest, so that the trees can continue to protect and nurture the complex and biodiverse ecosystem that lives beneath their branches – including us.

Please join us for our monthly Yellow Point nature hikes! Or February hike is on the 11th at 11:00am at the Yellow Point Ecological Reserve (meet at the end of Whiting Way, no dogs please). Our March hike will be at Wildwood, March 11th at 11:00. See you there!

Priscilla Brewer


Barred Owls in the Forest

January 5th, 2018

The barred owls hoot to each other at night. The ravens chuckle and call across the forest canopy. The garter snakes and salamanders burrow down for winter. The mushrooms are blossoming. Under the soil, a million wildflowers await the spring, and their turn in the sun.

It’s December in the forest. The rain pours down and the forest absorbs it all, allowing it to drain deep into the aquifer. Without the cover of trees the water would run off into the creeks, and the aquifer that we all depend on would be depleted. The forest stands tall as guardian of it all – the wildlife, the watershed, the carbon, the ecosystem as a whole.

But is it safe? Of all BC’s ecosystem zones, the Coastal Douglas-fir ecosystem that we live within is the most at risk. It’s home to the highest number of species at risk, and it has been the most altered by deforestation and development, with less than one percent remaining as old growth forest and almost half having been lost to human activity. In the Cedar-Yellow Point area two areas of forest have recently been clearcut, one just west of Yellow Point Lodge, the other north of the Woodley Range Ecological Reserve. Other forested parcels may face the same fate.

So what can we do? This is the question the prompted a group of local residents to start meeting early in 2017, and in August we formally established ourselves as the Yellow Point Ecological Society (Y.E.S.). Our stated purpose is “to understand, appreciate, protect and restore the ecosystems and watersheds in the Yellow Point area of Vancouver Island, and to inspire and support local residents to do the same.”

A Voice for Nature

We want to become a voice for Nature, for the Coastal Douglas-fir ecosystem, for the watershed. A voice for the myriad forms of wildlife that the forest supports, and all the tranquility and beauty they bring. Nature needs it, our children need it, we need it.

So what can we hope to achieve now that we are a formal society? Our hopes are as high as the sky, but constrained by the time, the volunteers and the resources we can muster.

We are busy at work on three fronts. First, we are educating ourselves. We are learning about the Coastal Douglas-fir ecosystem, the myriad species it contains, the threats it faces and the ways it can be protected. To this end, we are organizing a monthly hike,  and a Speakers Series, starting with the esteemed Snuneymuxw First Nations elder Geraldine Manson on Thursday January 4th.

Second, we are working to build relationships – with the Regional District of Nanaimo, with the Cowichan Valley Regional District, with the Snuneymuxw First Nation, with the Stz’uminus First Nation, and with other groups that are working to protect our forests and watersheds.

And third, we are learning about the legal and regulatory systems that protect – or fail to protect – the forest ecosystem, and we are exploring new ideas.

How to Protect the Forest?

What would it take, for instance, for private landowners to be inspired to protect their forests by adopting the ecosystem-based system of sustainable timber harvesting that was used so successfully by Merv Wilkinson at Wildwood, and for successive generations of landowners to restore their forests to an old-growth condition over the next two hundred years?

Might it be possible for a regional district to create a Coastal Douglas-fir Ecosystem Environmental Development Permit area, providing an added level of protection against clearcutting and excessive logging, combined with enforcement penalties that are meaningful and not just symbolic?

And might it be possible for a regional district to adjust the zoning bylaws so that a landowner with twenty acres (for instance) could still subdivide his or her land, but would do so not by dividing it into four five-acre lots, but by clustering four homes in one area, thereby preserving most of the forest?

Globally, Nature is everywhere under assault. If you want to say Yes to Y.E.S., to join our hikes, to come to our Speaker’s Series, or to join our biweekly meetings, or to become a member, please get in touch.

– Guy Dauncey


A Voice for Nature

Yellow Point is a very real place, even if nobody knows where it begins and where it ends. Is the Crow and Gate in Yellow Point? Maybe not. Is Wildwood Ecoforest? Yes – Merv Wilkinson certainly thought so. Is the land around Brenton-Page Road? Yes, but at some point down the road maybe it ceases to be.

I like it this way – Yellow Point becomes more of a state of mind. If you think you live here, you do. And if there’s one thing that most Yellow Pointers love, it’s Nature with a capital N. It’s the forests, the lakes, the farmland, the quiet country roads, the trails, the ocean. Yes, the ocean. It’s the barred owls, with their seven-note build-up to that final whoo-oo. It’s the beavers, working quietly as guardians of the lakes. It’s the river otters, making their way up the ravine to Yellow Point Park. It’s the explosion of wildflowers from March to May. It’s the new young herring, filling the sea in their teeming thousands before they take off to the larger ocean.

It’s the knowledge that the Stz’uminus and the Snuneymuxw First Nations have lived on this land for thousands of years, and appreciation for their stewardship.

It’s the trees, the proud red cedars in their family groups, the determined Douglas-firs, the billowing maples.

It’s the appreciation for all who in years past have donated their land to become parks, who made Yellow Point Park possible, who worked to create the Yellow Point Ecological Reserve.

And now, for all who wish to protect and preserve and celebrate this beauty, we have the Yellow Point Ecological Society (Y.E.S.), newly formed this August. Like most non-profits, the society was formed because of a perceived threat to our remaining green space, wetlands and watershed.

The threats continue, but there’s so much to be said by way of gratitude for Nature in this region. It is our hope that over the years people will step up to say YES, I want to be part of this. YES, I want to add my commitment to preserve, protect and celebrate its beauty. And YES, I want to be a voice for the wildlife, forests and plants who have no human voice with which to speak.

Nature will face huge challenges over the coming years, as development continues, the climate crisis grows and other threats emerge. It is our hope that the Yellow Point Ecological Society will be around for two hundred years, long enough for local residents and the Stz’uminus and the Snuneymuxw First Nations to see the forest recover its old-growth character, to see the salmon and herring return, and to be part of a new ecological civilization being born.

Guy Dauncey


Swans, Geese, Ducks, Eagles and Beavers


I spend a lot of time walking through Yellow Point Park and EcoReserve enjoying the wonderful wilderness right here in our neighbourhood. I am awestruck by the ancient trees, inspired by the tenacious lichens, ferns and mosses, delighted by the wild flowers. The Park and EcoReserve are home to so many interesting species.

I love watching the swans land on Long Lake, and the pairs of geese protecting their nests. I enjoy the raucous duck wars during breeding season and the parade of ducklings following their parents through the marsh. The purple martins are beautiful swooping across the water to snatch bugs midair. When the red winged blackbirds return in the spring, their calls echo across the water. Blue herons stalk through the shallows, then strike with lightening speed to capture prey in their long beaks.

Screech Owls and Great Horned Owls

I’ve watched eagles teach their young to fly, performing short awkward flights between huge trees. I’ve listened to Screech owls calling through the forest, been dive-bombed by a barred owl, and seen Great horned owls perched high in sturdy branches of enormous fir trees.

Beavers, Cougars, Bears, Deer, and the little Sundew

The beavers work diligently to reinforce their dams and adapt the habitat to suit their needs, thereby ensuring continued diversity in the forest. Deer and bear feast on leaves and wild berries. The occasional cougar prowls silently through the forest. On the marsh, sundews (little Venus fly traps) capture insects in their tiny maws. The frog chorus is so loud in the spring that it is difficult to sleep.

All of this is possible because our community had the foresight to fight for the preservation of this beautiful Park and EcoReserve. The EcoReserve was created in 1996 “to protect a highly diverse mosaic of ecosystem types, from aquatic, peat bog and forest to dry site ecosystems”. Many of the plants and animals are red-listed and blue-listed species at risk, including the Coastal Douglas Fir ecosystem. This habitat should be protected.

It’s very fragile – and ours to lose

We could easily lose the unique features and diversity of this beautiful park and wetland if we don’t protect our forest and watershed. The Yellow Point watershed is very fragile, and officially one of the most stressed aquifers in the province. Yellow Point rests on fractured bedrock, which has limited ability to retain water. Our only water source is rain. We don’t have any rivers, or any connection to the Cassidy aquifer or other water sources. The rain falls on our forest and seeps into our shallow soil. It is caught in many small ponds and catchment basins that feed the streams that flow to the sea. Our forests, mosses and other vegetation hold the water, enabling it to sink into the earth. This groundwater distributes itself through small fissures in the bedrock to our wells.

During the dry months there is no recharge of the watershed. We rely on the ability of our forests and wetlands to retain water. Without our forests and ground cover, the rain would flow rapidly away causing erosion, filling our creeks and wetlands with silt and depleting our watershed. The sun would bake our wetlands and the complex ecosystem would be destroyed.

Disruption, contamination and depletion of the Yellow Point aquifer is a legitimate concern for local residents. Destruction of our wetlands will make us all poorer.

We must protect our forests and watershed to preserve our beautiful Park and EcoReserve, and the wonderful community of plants and animals that live there.

Diane Coussens is a 40-years resident who raised her two children in their home on Long Lake Road.